MOSCOW • Russia has expelled diplomats from three European Union member states it accused of attending illegal protests in support of jailed Kremlin critic Alexei Navalny, and pointedly ignored a public call by the EU’s top diplomat to free the opposition politician.
The expulsions on Friday, which affected diplomats from Germany, Poland and Sweden, appear to have wrecked an EU attempt to re-engage with Moscow being spearheaded by Mr Josep Borrell, the EU’s foreign policy chief, who was in Russia for talks that same day.
German Chancellor Angela Merkel called Moscow’s move unjustified and a further step away from the rule of law in Russia, while Poland summoned the Russian envoy over the decision.
Navalny, President Vladimir Putin’s most prominent critic, was jailed last week for almost three years over parole violations that he calls trumped up, a move the West condemned.
Moscow announced the expulsions after Mr Borrell used a joint news conference with Russia’s Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov to call for the release of Navalny.
Mr Lavrov did not respond directly to the appeal but complained about what he described as human rights abuses in the EU and called the 27-nation bloc an unreliable partner.
Mr Borrell had earlier said that the Navalny case was a low point for relations between Russia and the EU.
He also said there was not yet a formal proposal for new EU sanctions on Russia but that the 27-member bloc would have a discussion next month about relations with Moscow.
“I have conveyed to Minister Lavrov our deep concern and our appeal for his (Navalny’s) release and for the launch of an investigation over his poisoning,” Mr Borrell told the news conference.
“Over the last years, our relationship has been marked by fundamental differences and a lack of trust.”
Navalny was arrested on Jan 17 on his return from treatment in Germany, where he was flown in August after falling ill from what German officials concluded was poisoning with a military-grade nerve agent.
The Kremlin has questioned whether Navalny was poisoned and denied blame for his illness.
Mr Lavrov said it was up to Brussels if it wanted to impose sanctions on Russia, but that the EU was behaving more and more like Washington in its use of unilateral sanctions. “We share the view that a further deterioration of ties is fraught with negative and highly unpredictable consequences,” Mr Lavrov said.
A few hours after the talks, Russia announced the expulsion of the diplomats, saying they had taken part in illegal protests last month against Navalny’s jailing. The foreign ministry said Moscow considered their actions unacceptable.
Despite close trade ties and energy interdependence, Russia’s political relations with the EU soured after Moscow annexed Crimea from Ukraine in 2014.
Navalny was back in court on Friday for another trial, accused of slandering a World War II veteran who took part in a promotional video backing changes last year that let Putin run for up to two more terms. Navalny at the time described those in the video as traitors and lackeys. He denies the slander charge.
In comments by video link at the trial, the veteran called on Navalny to apologise publicly.
“This case in general was intended as a kind of PR process because the Kremlin needs the headlines: Navalny slandered a veteran,” Navalny told the court.
The next hearing in the case is on Feb 12.