Addressing the World Economic Forum on Wednesday (Jan 27) for the first time in 12 years, Mr Putin drew parallels with the 1930s when he said a failure to resolve international problems sparked World War II.
“Today, such a global hot conflict is, I hope, in principle impossible,” Mr Putin said in his online speech to The Davos Agenda. “But, I repeat, the situation can develop unpredictably and uncontrollably.”
Mr Putin spoke a day after Russia and the US exchanged diplomatic notes agreeing to a five-year extension of the 2010 New START treaty limiting strategic nuclear weapons that was due to expire Feb 5.
Russia’s parliament voted unanimously to back the extension on Wednesday.
In a speech that was short on policy presciptions, the Russian president hit out at technology giants that he said were competing with national governments in part over the views and beliefs held by their citizens.
He called for international cooperation to ensure greater availability of vaccines against Covid-19 in poor countries, and said governments should strive to ensure decent living standards for all citizens after decades in which the focus had been on lowering taxes for the wealthy and corporations.
Mr Putin said the agreement on Tuesday to extend the New START treaty was a step in the right direction.
He made no mention of Saturday’s nationwide protests in Russia in support of jailed opposition leader Alexey Navalny.
Russia is seeking to gauge prospects for improving relations with the US under President Joe Biden, who warned in his first phone call with Mr Putin on Tuesday that his administration “will act firmly in defense of its national interests in response to actions by Russia that harm us or our allies,” according to a White House readout.
Still, Russian officials offered a cautiously upbeat assessment of prospects for reaching further agreement.
The team Biden’s forming “is, in principle, more inclined to conduct serious and responsible negotiations” than former President Donald Trump’s officials, Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Sergei Ryabkov told lawmakers on Wednesday. “But there is no guarantee,” he said.
A US return to the Open Skies treaty with Russia that was abandoned by Mr Trump is still possible, Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov told reporters on Wednesday.
The US quit the treaty formally in November after accusing Russia of non-compliance with its obligations, which the Kremlin denied.
Mr Putin last addressed the World Economic Forum at Davos as Russian prime minister in Jan 2009, at the height of the global financial crisis, when he called for international cooperation to “replace the obsolete unipolar world concept” led by the US.
Mr Putin, who spent billions rebuilding Russia’s armed forces as president, also called for “reasonable restraint” in military spending.