LONDON – Britain’s unemployment rate rose by more than expected to 4.5 per cent in the three months to August, up from 4.1 per cent in the three months to July, even before the end of the government’s broad coronavirus job protection plan.
Economists polled by Reuters had expected the unemployment rate to rise more slowly to 4.3 per cent.
The number of people in employment fell by 153,000 in the June-to-August period, the Office for National Statistics said on Tuesday (Oct 13).
That was much higher than a median forecast for a fall of 30,000 in the Reuters poll.
“Since the start of the pandemic there has been a sharp increase in those out of work and job hunting but more people telling us they are not actively looking for work,” Jonathan Athow, the ONS’s deputy national statistician, said.
“There has also been a stark rise in the number of people who have recently been made redundant.”
British finance minister Rishi Sunak has said his priority remains to slow the rising job losses although he has replaced his £50 billion (S$88.65 billion) wage subsidy scheme which expires at the end of this month with a less generous programme.
The ONS data showed redundancies jumped by a record 114,000 on the quarter to 227,000, their highest level since 2009 when Britain was in the grip of the global financial crisis.
However, separate tax office data showed the number of staff on company payrolls rose by a monthly 20,000 in September, slightly reducing the total number of job losses by that measure since March to 673,000.
There were some other potentially positive signs in the data including a record rise in the number of job vacancies in the three months to September although the total remained down 40 per cent compared with a year earlier.
The Bank of England has forecast that the unemployment rate will hit 7.5 per cent by the end of the year as the government scales back its 50 billion-pound ($65 billion) job protection scheme and replaces it with a smaller programme in November.
BoE Governor Andrew Bailey on Monday repeated his warning that the economy could prove weaker than the central bank’s forecasts.
Data published last week showed Britain’s economy grew in August at its slowest pace since May as its bounce-back from the lockdown slowed, before the tightening of restrictions of gatherings of people.
Scores of companies in Britain have announced plans to cut jobs since the pandemic struck. Last week the owner of clothing retailers Edinburgh Woollen Mills, Peacock’s and Jaeger put 24,000 jobs at risk by saying it was set for administration.